Mana Pools National Park, Sapi and Chewore Safari Areas
On the banks of the Zambezi, great cliffs overhang the river and the floodplains. The area is home to a remarkable concentration of wild animals, including elephants, buffalo, leopards and cheetahs. An important concentration of Nile crocodiles is also be found in the area.
2017 Conservation Outlook
Current state and trend of VALUES
Overall PROTECTION and MANAGEMENT
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Description of values
Diverse bird fauna
Important populations of a diversity of large mammals and other fauna and threatened species
Black rhino refuge
Seasonal movements of large mammals
Riverine sandbank ecosystems
Spectacular animal congregations
A recent assessment of management effectiveness under the GEF 6 Project established the following METT scores: Mana Pools NP - 57; Sapi SA - 41; Chewore SA - 48.
• Population Estimates
• Distribution Patterns
• Habitat quality
• Trophy quality
• Hunting Success rate
• Poaching Statistics
• Natural Mortalities
• Management systems in place
• Species Home Ranges
• Size of hunting area
• CITES limits
• Problem animal control
The above information are reviewed by the Scientific Authority of the Zimbabwe Parks and Wildlife Management Authority through a rigorous and scientific, adaptive management process in line with international best practices and guidelines.
Quotas are adjusted according to the scientific recommended maximum sustainable off-take for a particular species.
Factors such as CITES annual export quota limits, export data, trophy quality trends, stricter domestic measures by importing countries are also considered before quotas are finally allocated to any property.
Ground-truthing and assessments are also conducted by ecologists.
The following have been identified as possible areas for future research programmes:
1. Vegetation cover changes:
1.1 Structural changes in woodland cover over time.
1.2 Drivers of mistletoe infection distribution on key woody species and effectiveness of current control measures.
1.3 Impacts of fire management in particular controlled block burning on the escarpment and vegetation changes and structure on the flood plain.
1.4 Encroachment of invasive species, for example encroachment of Croton megalobotrys on the Mana Pools flood plain.
2. Climate change:
2.1 Rainfall pattern changes and species distribution.
2.2 Impact of introduction of game water management to reduce huge wildlife concentrations on the valley floor in the dry season (compare with experiments on the Chobe in Botswana).
3. Species specific studies:
3.1 Analysis of aerial survey results, migration hypothesis, analysis of various forms of elephant mortalities (Poaching, PAC, Natural, Hunting etc).
3.2 Predator studies: Interactions between lion and hyena.
3.3 Studies on rare antelope distribution patterns (Sable, Eland, Nyala).
3.4 Dynamics of possible re-introduction of black rhino.
|№||Organization/ individuals||Project duration||Brief description of Active Projects|
|1||Zim Parks||Management Authority. Monitoring, research, management and protection|
|2||Zambezi Society||Assists with wildlife protection, research, lobbying, education, training and fuel|
|3||Tashinga Initiative||Staff infrastructure improvements|
|4||BirdLife Zimbabwe||Important Bird Area under BirdLife International. Training and monitoring|
|1||BirdLife International (2017) Important Bird Areas factsheet: Middle Zambezi Valley. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org.|
|2||Dunham, K.M., Mackie, C.S., Nyaguse, G. (2015) Aerial Survey of Elephants and other Large Herbivores in the Zambezi Valley (Zimbabwe): 2014. Unpublished Draft.|
|3||IUCN and UNESCO (2011) Reactive Monitoring mission Mana Pools National Park, Sapi and Chewore Safari Areas (Zimbabwe). Gland, Switzerland and Paris,France: IUCN and UNESCO World Heritage Centre.|
|4||Management Plan for Mana Pools National Park (draft) (1996)|
|5||UNEP-WCMC (2012) Mana Pools National Park, Sapi and Chewore Safari Areas (Zimbabwe). UNEP-WCMC World Heritage Information Sheets. Cambridge, UK: UNEP-WCMC.|
|6||UNESCO (2016) Report on the State of Conservation of Mana Pools, Sapi and Chewore Safari Areas (Zimbabwe). State of Conservation Information System of the World Heritage Centre. <http://whc.unesco.org/en/soc/3459>.|
|7||World Heritage Committee (2010) Decision 34.COM 7B.7. Mana Pools National Park, Sapi and Chewore Safari Areas (Zimbabwe). <http://whc.unesco.org/en/decisions/4115>.|
|8||World Heritage Committee (2011) Decision 35 COM 8E Adoption of retrospective Statements of Outstanding University Value. <http://whc.unesco.org/en/decisions/4408>.|
|9||World Heritage Committee (2011) Decision 35.COM 7B.8. Mana Pools National Park, Sapi and Chewore Safari Areas (Zimbabwe). <http://whc.unesco.org/en/decisions/4416>.|
|10||World Heritage Committee (2014) Decision 38COM 7B.97. Mana Pools National Park, Sapi and Chewore Safari Areas (Zimbabwe). <http://whc.unesco.org/en/decisions/6083>.|
|11||World Heritage Committee (2016) Decision 40COM 7B.84. Mana Pools National Park, Sapi and Chewore Safari Areas (Zimbabwe). <http://whc.unesco.org/en/decisions/6749>.|
|12||Zimbabwe (2015) Report of the State Party to the World Heritage Committee on the state of conservation of Mana Pools, Sapi and Chewore Safari Areas (Zimbabwe).|
|13||Zimbabwe Tourism Authority (2015) Tourism Trends and Statistics Report 2014. < http://www.zimbabwetourism.net/index.php/trends-statistics/…;.|
|14||Zimbabwe Tourism Authority (2016) Tourism Trends and Statistics Report 2015. < http://www.zimbabwetourism.net/index.php/trends-statistics/…;.|