Gondwana Rainforests of Australia
This site, comprising several protected areas, is situated predominantly along the Great Escarpment on Australia’s east coast. The outstanding geological features displayed around shield volcanic craters and the high number of rare and threatened rainforest species are of international significance for science and conservation.
2017 Conservation Outlook
Current state and trend of VALUES
Overall PROTECTION and MANAGEMENT
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Description of values
Outstanding examples of significant ongoing geological processes
Outstanding examples of relict plant species
Outstanding examples of relict and other vertebrate and invertebrate species
Outstanding examples of ongoing evolutionary processes
Endemic and threatened plants
Endemic and threatened mammals
Endemic and threatened birds
Endemic and threatened frogs
Endemic and threatened reptiles
Introduced animals include fox (Vulpes vulpes), rabbit (Oryctolagus cuniculus), feral cat (Felis catus), black rat (Rattus rattus) the common house mouse (Mus musculus), goat (Capra hircus), wild dog (Canis lupus familiaris or hybrids with Canis lupus dingo), feral pig (Sus scrofa), feral deer (Cervidae spp.) and others. All these animals have an impact on the park either by displacement, predation or competition and their management is included in management plans (NPWS, 1998; NPWS, 2005; DERC, 2011). Straying stock (cattle, Bos taurus) pose a problem in some parts of the site (Chester & Bushnell, 2005).
Strategies to manage these pest animals are incorporated in national parks management plans and implemented in cooperation with neighbours (IUCN Consultation, 2017).
Management plans or statements, along with fire, pest and visitor strategies are developed or are being developed for most national parks within the property.
While the significant Aboriginal cultural and spiritual values associated with this property were not part of the reasons for inscription for this site, the local as well as national and international community benefits from their conservation in this property.
|№||Organization/ individuals||Project duration||Brief description of Active Projects|
|1||Royal Botanic Gardens Sydney||Rainforest Seed Project.|
|2||Friends of Gondwana Forest||Cave Creek Rainforest Rehabilitation Scheme (adjacent to Springbrook NP)|
|3||Australian Rainforest Conservation Society||Springbrook Rainforest Restoration Project (and others)|
|4||Wild Mob Volunteers for Wilderness Conservation||Lamington National Park Conservation Project|
ACT (2005). Spotted-tailed Quoll (Dasuyurus maculatus)—a vulnerable species. Action Plan No. 30. Environment ACT Government, Canberra.
ANU (Australian National University) (2009). Implications of climate change for Australia’s World Heritage properties: A preliminary assessment. A report to the Department of Climate Change and the Department of the Environment, Water, Heritage and the Arts by the Fenner School of Environment and Society, the Australian National University. 207 pp.
Berger, L., Speare, R., Daszak, P., Green, D.E., Cunningham, A.A., Goggin, C.L., Slocombe, R., Ragan, M.A., Hyatt, A.D., McDonald, K.R., Hines, H.B., Lips, K.R., Marantelli, G. & Parkes, H. (1998). Chytridiomycosis causes amphibian mortality associated with population declines in the rainforests of Australia and Central America, Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, 95: 9031–9036.
BirdLife International (2012). Species factsheets: Menura alberti ; Atrichornis rufescens; . Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 03/10/2012
Chester, G. & Bushnell, S. (2005) Central Eastern Rainforest Reserves of Australia: A monitoring strategy. Cooperative Research Centre for Tropical Rainforest Ecology and Management, Cairns. 156 pp.
DEC (2004). State of the Parks 2004. Department of Environment and Conservation (NSW), Sydney.
DEC (Department of Environment and Conservation) (2006). NSW Threat Abatement Plan –Invasion of native plant communities by Chrysanthemoides monilifera (bitou bush and boneseed). Department of Environment and Conservation (NSW), Hurstville.
DECC (2005) Recovery Plan for the Hastings River Mouse (Pseudomys oralis). Department of Environment and Climate Change (NSW), Hurstville.
DECC (2007) Draft Recovery Plan for the Barrington Tops Broad-toothed Rat Endangered Population. Department of Environment and Climate Change (NSW), Sydney.
DEH (2006). Threat abatement plan: Infection of amphibians with chytrid fungus resulting in chytridiomycosis. Department of the Environment and Heritage, Australia.
DERC (2011). Lamington National Park Management Plan 2011. Planning Services Unit, Department of Environment and Resource Management, Queensland.
DPWHA (2009). Littoral Rainforest and Coastal Vine Thickets of Eastern Australia: A nationally threatened ecological community. EPBC Policy Statement 3.9 Department of the Environment, Water, Heritage and the Arts.
Ehmann, H. (1997) Threatened frogs of New South Wales: Habitats, status and conservation. Frog and Tadpole Study Group of NSW, Sydney.
Feros, K. (2009). Case Study 1: Gondwana Rainforests of Australia. In: Engels, B. (ed.) Serial Natural World Heritage Properties – Challenges for Nomination and Management. Proceedings of a workshop. BfN, Germany.
Garnett, S.T. & Crowley, G.M. (2000). The Action Plan for Australian Birds 2000. [Online]. Canberra, ACT: Environment Australia and Birds Australia. Available from: http://www.environment.gov.au/biodiversity/threatened/publi….
Gillespie, G., Robertson, P., Hines, H.B, Lemckert, F. & Hero, J.-M. (2004). Mixophyes balbus. In: IUCN 2012. IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2012.1. . Downloaded on 07 October 2012
Hero, J.-M., Gillespie, G., Lemckert, F., Robertson, P. & Littlejohn, M. (2004). Litoria booroolongensis. In: IUCN 2012. IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2012.1. . Downloaded on 07 October 2012.
Hines, H.B. & McDonald, K. (2000). Declining frogs of subtropical Australia’s rainforests, declining frogs of Australia’s rainforests. Queensland Parks and Wildlife Service.
Hines, H.B. and the South-east Queensland Threatened Frogs Recovery Team (2002). Recovery plan for stream frogs of south-east Queensland 2001–2005. Report to Environment Australia, Canberra, Queensland Parks and Wildlife Service, Brisbane.
Hines, H.B., Mahony, M. & McDonald, K. (1999). An assessment of frog declines in wet subtropical Australia, in A. Campbell (ed.). Declines and disappearances of Australian frogs. Environment Australia, Canberra: 44–63.
Hines, H.B., Meyer, E., Newell, D., Clarke, J., & Hero, J.-M. (2004). Mixophyes fleayi. In: IUCN 2012. IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2012.1. . Downloaded on 07 October 2012.
Hines, H.B., Newell, D., Clarke, J., Hero, J.-M. & Meyer, E. (2004). Mixophyes iteratus. In: IUCN 2012. IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2012.1. . Downloaded on 07 October 2012.
Horton, B.M. (2012). Mitigating the effects of forest eucalypt dieback associated with psyllids and bell miners in World Heritage Areas. Australasian Plant Conservation 20(4): 11-13.
Hunter, D. & Gillespie, G.R. (2011). National Recovery Plan for the Stuttering Frog Mixophyes balbus. Department of Sustainability and Environment, Melbourne.
Hunter, R.J. (2004). World Heritage and associative natural values of the Central Eastern Rainforest Reserves of Australia. NSW National Parks and Wildlife Service.(first published 2003, revised 2004).
ISC (2011). Environmental effects of Myrtle Rust Backgrounder. Invasive Species Council. www. Invasives.org.au
IUCN (1992). Evaluation of the Central Rainforests of Eastern Australia. IUCN.
IUCN (2012). IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2012.1. . Downloaded on 07 October 2012.
Lunney, D. & McKenzie, N. (2008). Macropus parma. In: IUCN 2012. IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2012.1. . Downloaded on 3 October 2012.
Maxwell, S., Burbidge, A.A. and Morris, K. (1996). Action Plan for Australian Marsupials and Monotremes. Australian Government Department of the Environment and Heritage. http://www.environment.gov.au/biodiversity/threatened/publi… accessed on 7 October, 2012.
Menkhorst, P., Dickman, C., Denny, M., Aplin, K., Lunney, D. & Ellis, M. (2008). Pseudomys oralis. In: IUCN 2012. IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2012.1. . Downloaded on 3 October 2012.
Nomination (1984). Nomination of New South Wales Rainforests. Govt of Australia.
Nomination (1992). Nomination of the Central Rainforests of Eastern Australia. Govt. of Australia.
OEH (2012). National Recovery Plan for Booroolong Frog (Litoria booroolongensis). Office of Environment and Heritage (NSW), Hurstville.
PWS (1998). Dorrigo National Park Plan of Management. NSW National Parks and Wildlife Service. http://www.environment.nsw.gov.au/resources/parks/pomfinald…
PWS (2005) Gibraltar Range Group of Parks (Incorporating Barool, Capoompeta, Gibraltar Range, Nymboida and Washpool National Parks and Nymboida and Washpool State Conservation Areas) Plan of Management. National Parks and Wildlife Service Department of Environment and Conservation, New South Wales. http://www.environment.nsw.gov.au/resources/parks/PoMGibral…
SOC (2003). Report on the State of Conservation of the Central Eastern Rainforest Reserves of Australia. Australian National Periodic Report.
Sunshine Coast Council (2010). Sunshine Coast Biodiversity Strategy 2010-2020.