Iguaçu National Park
The park shares with Iguazú National Park in Argentina one of the world’s largest and most impressive waterfalls, extending over some 2,700 m. It is home to many rare and endangered species of flora and fauna, among them the giant otter and the giant anteater. The clouds of spray produced by the waterfall are conducive to the growth of lush vegetation.
2017 Conservation Outlook
Current state and trend of VALUES
Overall PROTECTION and MANAGEMENT
A reviewed and updated Management Plan is being prepared.
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Description of values
One of the largest and most impressive waterfalls in the world
Water-borne pollutants from agricultural systems, outside the property, that include nutrients, toxic chemicals and/or sediments, also constitute a very high level of threat to the property’s values and the exact impacts still need to be evaluated.
However, it remains unclear whether a specific assessment of all potential impacts of the construction and operation of the dam, specifically on the OUV and integrity of the property and of the adjoining Iguazú National Park in Argentina, has been conducted, as recommended by the IUCN mission (UNESCO, 2016).
In its most recent Decision the World Heritage Committee requested the State Party of Brazil to develop an additional assessment of such potential impacts (World Heritage Commi
As of 2016, The Colono Road remains closed and the Brazilian government expressed its opposition to the project, which is awaiting assessment by the Senate. (State Party of Brazil, 2016).
The most recent World Heritage Committee Decision urged the State Party to ensure that the proposed Bill 61/2013 would not get approved, and also noted that failure to resolve this issue could create conditions to re-inscribe the property on the List of World Heritage in Danger (World Heritage Committee, 2016).
Activities to make neighbour communities aware of the importance of the National Park and bring them closer to its management and conservation are being developed. The main provider of visitor support services to the National Park has been seeking commercial partnership with local farmers to provide goods for the food facilities inside the park (State Party of Brazil, 2016).
Transboundary cooperation with Argentinean Iguazú National Park have been carried out in a cooperative, coordinated and confluent manner. A permanent dialogue channel between the management and staff of the two properties has satisfied the needs of both sides (State Party of Brazil, 2016). This cooperation has also been recently formalized.
Future management may have to develop longer-term scenarios and to strike a balance between conservation and other land and resource use so as to maintain or restore the connectivity of the landscape. This will require working with other sectors and local communities. Eventually, the property should be buffered by adequate and harmonized land use planning in the adjacent areas in Argentina, Brazil and Paraguay (WHC, 2016A).
The review and update of the Iguaçu National Park management plan began in August 2015, it will cover the topics suggested in Decision 38 COM 7B.82 and is being undertaken in cooperation with Argentinean Iguazú National Park. The estimated completion date is July 2017 (State Party of Brazil, 2016).
A new update is expected from the State Part of Brazil by 1 December 2017 which will provide information on the implementation of the most recent requests and recommendations made by the World Heritage Committee (2017).
Since 2008, a research project on felines, main Panthera onca, has been ongoing. The overall objective is to assist in the management of the conservation unit, as well as to contribute to the preservation of a viable population of jaguars (State Party of Brazil, 2016).
A reviewed and updated Management Plan is being prepared.
|№||Organization/ individuals||Project duration||Brief description of Active Projects|
|1||WWF Brazil, WWF Paraguay and Fundación Vida Silvestre Argentina (WWF associate in Argentina)||Ecoregional Action Plan (2014 – 2018) established a vision that states that by 2020, the Upper Parana and Serra do Mar ecoregions will maintain landscapes that guarantee the conservation of biodiversity, functioning corridors, and environmental services, providing equitable economic and social development for local people.|
|№||Site need title||Brief description of potential site needs||Support needed for following years|
|1||Water-borne agriculture pollutants assessment||Assessment of the water-borne agricultural pollutants and its impacts on the National Park values|
|1||Brocardo, C. et al. (2016). White-lipped peccaries are recorded at Iguaçu National Park after 20 years. In: Mammalia-2016-049.|
|2||IUCN (2015). Report on the mission to Iguaçu National Park, Brazil. Gland, Switzerland. IUCN.|
|3||IUCN and UNESCO. (2008). Mission Report Iguazú National Park in Argentina and Iguaçu National Park in Brazil. Gland, Switzerland and Paris, France: IUCN and UNESCO World Heritage Centre.|
|4||State Party of Brazil (2016). Report of the State Party to the World Heritage Committee on the state of conservation of Iguaçu National Park (Brazil).|
|5||UNESCO (2012). Report on the State of Conservation of Iguaçu National Park (Brazil).|
|6||UNESCO (2014). Report on the State of Conservation of Iguaçu National Park (Brazil).|
|7||UNESCO (2016). Report on the State of Conservation Report of Iguaçu National Park (Brazil).|
|8||World Heritage Committee (2016). Decision 40 COM 7B.70. Iguaçu National Park (Brazil).|
|9||World Heritage Committee (2016A). Decision 40 COM 8E. Iguaçu National Park Statement of Outstanding Universal Value (Brazil).|