Giant's Causeway and Causeway Coast
The Giant's Causeway lies at the foot of the basalt cliffs along the sea coast on the edge of the Antrim plateau in Northern Ireland. It is made up of some 40,000 massive black basalt columns sticking out of the sea. The dramatic sight has inspired legends of giants striding over the sea to Scotland. Geological studies of these formations over the last 300 years have greatly contributed to the development of the earth sciences, and show that this striking landscape was caused by volcanic activity during the Tertiary, some 50–60 million years ago.
2017 Conservation Outlook
Current state and trend of VALUES
Overall PROTECTION and MANAGEMENT
Click the + and - signs to expand or collapse full accounts of information under each topic. You can also view the entire list of information by clicking Expand all on the top left.
Description of values
Extraordinary geological complex formed by basaltic lava flows
Geological spectacle of exceptional natural beauty
The State Party Report of November 2015 states that consent was granted taking full account of potential adverse impacts and in accordance with relevant planning legislation, policies and procedures. For permission to remain active, development works relating to the golf resort must have begun on or before 29th March 2017. This has not happened and the existing permission will have lapsed.
The lands involved were subsequently sold to another party and no development has taken place.
The history of the Runkerry Golf Resort development, however, shows that the vicinity of the property is generally under threat from large-scale development that is may have implications for protection of the site’s values and integrity .
(Giant’s Causeway and Causeway WHS Management Plan, 2012)
A specific section in the Regional 'Single Planning Policy Statement (SPS)' published in Sept 2015 is devoted to the WHS. This states:
"6.6 Development that would adversely affect the Outstanding Universal Value of a World Heritage Site (WHS) or the integrity of its setting must not be permitted unless there are overriding exceptional circumstances.
6.7 Inclusion of a WHS on a list published by UNESCO highlights the outstanding international importance of the site as a material consideration in the determination of planning and listed building consent applications, and appeals. Planning authorities must carefully consider applications affecting the Outstanding Universal Value of such sites, particularly taking into account the safeguarding of critical views to and from the site, the access and public approaches to the site and the understanding and enjoyment of the site by visitors."
It also notes that:
"WHSs are designated under the UNESCO World Heritage Convention of 1972 on the basis of their acknowledged ‘Outstanding Universal Value’. The Giant’s Causeway and Causeway Coast World Heritage Site is currently the only WHS in Northern Ireland inscribed on the World Heritage list. It is inscribed because its natural and geological features are held to be of Outstanding Universal Value. Given their acknowledged international importance, it will be appropriate for a LDP having a WHS within the plan area, to identify the site and its broader setting and to include local policies or proposals to safeguard the Outstanding Universal Value of such sites and their settings from inappropriate development. "
|№||Organization/ individuals||Project duration||Brief description of Active Projects|
|1||National Trust||Several projects directly contributing to the management of the property|
|2||Tourism NI||Causeway Coast & Glens Tourism and Destination Management Strategy 2015 - 2020|
|3||Causeway Coast and Glens Heritage Trust||Several projects on communication, education and awareness raising in relation to the property, and promotion of sustainable environmental management and sustainable development in the region|
|1||AECOM and Metoc (2009). ‘Offshore wind and marine renewable energy in Northern Ireland: Strategic Environmental Assessment. Non-technical summary’. [Electronic reference] <http://www.offshorenergyni.co.uk/Data/NTS_FINAL_DEC_09.pdf&…;. Accessed 25 July 2012.|
|2||BirdLife International (2012a). ‘Datazone: Endemic Bird Area Search’. [Electronic reference] <http://www.birdlife.org/datazone/_ebaadvsearch.php>. Accessed 23 June 2012.|
|3||BirdLife International (2012b). ‘Datazone: Map of Important Bird Areas’. [Electronic reference] <http://www.birdlife.org/datazone/geomap.php?r=i&bbox=-150%2…;. Accessed 24 June 2012.|
|4||Causeway Coast & Glens Tourism and Destination Management Strategy 2015 - 2020. http://www.visitcausewaycoastandglens.com/Portals/0/downloa…|
|5||Causeway Coast and Glens Heritage Trust (2010),The Causeway Coast & Glens Tourism Area Plan 2010-2020|
|6||Causeway Coast and Glens Heritage Trust (2012), Giant’s Causeway and Causeway Coast World Heritage Site Management Plan 2013 – 2019|
|7||Causeway Coast and Glens Heritage Trust (2013), Causeway Coast AONB Management Plan 2013 -2023|
|8||Conservation International (2012). ‘The Biodiversity Hotspots’. [Electronic reference] <http://www.conservation.org/where/priority_areas/hotspots/P…; . Accessed 23 June 2012.|
|9||Department of Enterprise Trade and Investment (2010),Tourism Strategy for Northern Ireland 2010-2020|
|10||Environment and Heritage Service (2005). ‘Giant’s Causeway and Causeway Coast World Heritage Site Management Plan’. [Electronic reference] <http://www.doeni.gov.uk/niea/txt/protected_areas_home/whs_f…;. Accessed 25 July 2012.|
|11||IUCN (1986). ‘World Heritage Nomination – IUCN Technical Evaluation: Giant’s Causeway and Causeway Coast World Heritage Site (United Kingdom)’. Gland: IUCN. [Electronic reference] <http://whc.unesco.org/archive/advisory_body_evaluation/369…;. Accessed 23 June 2012.|
|12||National Trust (2012a). ‘Statement 21 February 2012: Runkerry Golf Resort Development’. [Electronic reference] <http://www.nationaltrust.org.uk/what-we-do/news/view-page/i…;. Accessed 25 July 2012.|
|13||National Trust (2012b). ‘PRESS: Runkerry resort decision to be challenged (13 June 2012)’. [Electronic reference] <http://www.nationaltrust.org.uk/press/press-releases/view-p…;. Accessed 25 July 2012.|
|14||National Trust (2012c). Website Giant’s Causeway. [Electronic reference] <http://www.nationaltrust.org.uk/giants-causeway/our-work/>. Accessed 25 July 2012.|
|15||National Trust NI. https://www.nationaltrust.org.uk/giants-causeway|
|16||Northern Ireland Tourist Board (2012). ‘Causeway Masterplan 2004-2013’. [Electronic reference] <http://www.nitb.com/DocumentPage.aspx?path=aedbda88-d741-4b…;. Accessed 25 July 2012.|
|17||Orford, J.D., Betts, N., Cooper, J.A.G. and Smith, B.J. 2008. Shifting Shores. Future Coastal Scenarios for Northern Ireland. Report to National Trust, Northern Ireland.|
|18||PlantLife (2012). IPA online database. [Electronic reference] <http://www.plantlifeipa.org/Reports.asp?v=vRepCty&i=203>. Accessed 24 June 2012.|
|19||Protected Planet (2012). ‘Giant’s Causeway and Causeway Coast World Heritage Site’. [Electronic reference] <http://protectedplanet.net/sites/Giants_Causeway_And_Causew…;. Accessed 23 June 2012.|
|20||Smith, B.J., Orford, J.D. & Betts, N.L. (2009) Management challenges of a dynamic geomorphosite: climate change and the Giant’s Causeway World Heritage Site. In: Reynard, E., Coratza, P. & Regolini-Bissig, G. (eds.) Geomorphosites. Munich: Verlag Dr. Friedrich Pfeil, Munich,145-162.|
|21||The Guardian (2012). ‘National Trust reference creationism at the Giant's Causeway’. [Electronic reference] <http://www.guardian.co.uk/world/2012/jul/05/national-trust-…;. Accessed 25 July 2012.|
|22||UK (2006) Period Report First Cycle Section II: Giant's Causeway and Causeway Coast (United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland). <http://whc.unesco.org/archive/periodicreporting/EUR/cycle01…;. Accessed 23 July 2012.|
|23||UK (2013) Period Report Second Cycle Section II: Giant's Causeway and Causeway Coast (United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland). <http://whc.unesco.org/archive/periodicreporting/EUR/cycle02…;.|
|24||UNEP-WCMC (2011). ‘Giant’s Causeway and Causeway Coast World Heritage Site’. UNEP-WCMC World Heritage Information Sheets. [Electronic reference] <http://www.unep-wcmc.org/medialibrary/2011/06/23/35378ed9/G…;. Accessed 23 July 2012.|
|25||UNESCO and IUCN (2003) Report on the Mission to Giant’s Causeway and Causeway Coast (United Kingdom), from 16 to 19 February 2003. Paris, France and Gland, Switzerland: UNESCO World Heritage Centre and IUCN.|
|26||WWF (2012). ‘List of Priority Global 200 Ecoregions’. [Electronic reference] <http://wwf.panda.org/about_our_earth/ecoregions/ecoregion_l…;. Accessed 23 June 2012.|
|27||WWF and IUCN (1994). ‘Centres of Plant Diversity: a Guide and Strategy for their Conservation’. Gland, Switzerland and Cambridge, UK: World Wide Fund for Nature and IUCN. Volume 1: Europe, Africa, South West Asia and the Middle East.|
World Heritage Committee (2003) Decision 27 COM 7B.21. Giant's Causeway and Causeway Coast (United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland).
<http://whc.unesco.org/en/decisions/603>. Accessed 23 July 2012
|29||World Heritage Committee (2005) Decision 29 COM 7B.27. Giant's Causeway and Causeway Coast (United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland). <http://whc.unesco.org/en/decisions/383>. Accessed 23 July 2012|
World Heritage Committee (2008) Decision 32 COM 7B.28. Giant's Causeway and Causeway Coast (United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland).
<http://whc.unesco.org/en/decisions/5041>. Accessed 23 July 2012
|31||World Heritage Committee (2013b) Decision 37 COM 8E Giant's Causeway and Causeway Coast (United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland). <http://whc.unesco.org/en/decisions/4964>.|
|32||Zacharioudaki, A. and Reeve, D. E. (2011). ‘Shoreline evolution under climate change wave scenarios’. Climatic Change 108(1-2): 73-105.|