Plitvice Lakes National Park
The waters flowing over the limestone and chalk have, over thousands of years, deposited travertine barriers, creating natural dams which in turn have created a series of beautiful lakes, caves and waterfalls. These geological processes continue today. The forests in the park are home to bears, wolves and many rare bird species.
2017 Conservation Outlook
Current state and trend of VALUES
Overall PROTECTION and MANAGEMENT
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Description of values
Natural travertine dams and waterfalls
Exceptional aesthetic value
Additional, some natural processes like leaching of soil/humus by terrestrial waters in the coast area of the lakes as well as input of organic material in lake waters by leaves of deciduous trees can increase the eutrophication in the lakes. One of the effects of eutrophication is overgrowing of edging zones and bottom of some of the lakes with macro-vegetation, resulting often with minimized circulation of water, building of the organic material, and slowing down of the “travertinisation” process. In some cases, eutrophication, with the weight of collected material, can endanger the barriers’ stability and even lead to disintegration of travertine dams (Ministarstvo kulture Republike Hrvatske, 2007). Plitvice Lakes Management Plan (2007-2016) addresses eutrophication as a threat and according to the Management Plan, sustaining positive trend of travertine dams formation is one of the aims in managing the site. The Park plans to minimize anthropogenic impacts that lead to increased eutrophication of the lakes and establish continuous monitoring of parameters responsible for eutrophication (Ministarstvo kulture Republike Hrvatske, 2007).
5. Hotel and Gastronomy Unit; 6. Maintenance, Technical and Utility infrastructure Unit: 7. Retail Unit; information on the exact number of staff working directly in conservation is not available. Training of staff was provided through expert visits to other national parks, while KEC project offered training in GIS education, and Balcani project offered education in site administration (UNESCO, 2006). During 2001-2002, USAID funded staff training projects, while the World Bank small grants programme funded promotional and educational materials.
Spatial Plan (2012) indicates the plan to develop and put up educational and informative panels on all locations with high visitor frequency, in addition to establishment of educational trails throughout the Park (Ministarstvo graditeljstva i prostornog uredjenja, 2012).
The highest number of tourists visits the area during July and August, with approximately 10,000 visits per day (Ministarstvo graditeljstva i prostornog uredjenja, 2012), reaching a record in August 2012 with more than 12,000 visitors/day (Likaplus, 2013). Apart from walking on the trails, the visitors can go hiking, drive bicycles, undertake a boat or a bus/train ride, and hire a boat on peddles. The highest number of tourists stays nearby the waterfalls and lakes zone and only small number of tourists opt for hiking.
|№||Organization/ individuals||Project duration||Brief description of Active Projects|
|1||Forestry Faculty, University of Zagreb / Prof. dr. sc. Joso Vukelić||Phytocenological exploration of forest vegetation|
|2||Institute Rudjer Bošković (IRB) / Dr.sc. Nada Horvatinčić||The impact of climate change and state of environment on biologically induced formation of travertine and sedimentation processes in Plitvice Lakes|
|3||Institute for Medical Exploration (IMI) / Dr.sc. Snježana Herceg Romanić||Monitoring of organic and inorganic pollution in the environment of Plitvice Lakes|
|№||Site need title||Brief description of potential site needs||Support needed for following years|
|1||N.A.||Adoption of a new management plan, including Evaluation of the tourism carrying capacity for the whole NP, and especially for the areas of Veliki slap, Korana canyon, Bijela and Crna Rijeka, including Plitvički Ljeskovac, Galovački prsten, Prošćansko and Kozjak Lakes and development of an efficient visitor management system, including development of a more dispersed network of trails to reduce concentration of visitors in one area. Development of a systematic research and monitoring programme for habitats and key species and improvement of cooperation with national universities or those from outside the country.|
|2||NA||Construction / reconstruction of the sewage system and construction of a waste water treatment plan|
|1||Addendum to IUCN SOC report 2017 – Information from SP Croatia|
|2||Barešić J., Horvatinčić N., Roller-Lutz Z. (2011a) Spatial and seasonal variations in the stable C isotope composition of dissolved inorganic carbon and in physico-chemical water parameters in the Plitvice Lakes system. Isotopes in Environmental and Health Studies 47 (3): 316-329.|
|3||Civilnodruštvo (2012). Devastacija Plitvčkih jezera. <http://www.civilnodrustvo.hr/index.php?id=133&tx_ttnews%5Bt…; Accessed 10 June 2013.|
|4||Confidential Consultation (2013). IUCN World Heritage Consultation Form.|
|5||Eidsvik, H.K., Ishwaran, N. And Neureiter, M. (1992). Report on the State of Conservation of Plitvice Lakes National Park (World Heritage Site). Paris: UNESCO World Heritage Centre.|
|6||H.J. (2013). Plitvička jezera-Preko milijun posjeta preko 52 milijuna kuna dobiti. <http://www.lika-online.com/plitvicka-jezera-preko-milijun-p…;. Accessed 3 June 2013.|
|7||HRVATSKE VODE V. Music, 2017, PPT presentation PLITVICE LAKES, WATER STATUS, )|
|8||Horvatinčić N., Barešić J., Obelić B., Krajcar Bronić I., Briansó J.L. (2006a) Eutrophication Process in the Plitvice Lakes, Croatia, as a Consequence of Anthropogenic Pollution and/or Natural Processes. Archives of Climate Change in Karst - In: Onac B.P., Tamas T., Silviu C., Persolu (eds.) Karst Waters Institute Special Publication 10. 211-214|
|9||Huber, Dj. (2009). Scientific Research on Life of the Plitvice Bear. <http://en.np-plitvicka-jezera.hr/index.php?option=com_conte…; Accessed 15 June 2013.|
|10||IUCN (1979). IUCN Review. World Heritage Nomination. Lake Plitvice National Park. IUCN|
|11||Likaplus (2012) Devastacija sedrenih barijera ljudskom rukom. <http://www.likaplus.hr/plitvicka_j-korenica/kultura/devasta…; Accessed 10 June 2013.|
|12||Likaplus (2013) Rekord na Plitvicama: Više od 12 tisuća posjetitelja u samo jednom danu. <http://www.ezadar.hr/clanak/rekord-na-plitvicama-vise-od-12…; Accessed 3 June 2013.|
|13||Ministarstvo graditeljstva i prostornog uredjenja (2012). Prostorni plan područja posebnih obilježja Nacionalnog parka Plitvička jezera. Zagreb: Urbanistički institut Hrvatske.|
|14||Ministarstvo kulture Republike Hrvatske, 2007 (2007). Nacionalni park Plitvička jezera. Plan upravljanja. Zagreb: Acorde d.o.o.|
|15||NPPJ K. Culivovic,2017. National Park Plitvice Jezera PPT presentation|
|16||NPPJ M. Vurnek, 2017a. National Park Plitvice Jezera PPT presentation: Biodiversity of the National Park|
|17||NPPJ M. Vurnek, 2017b. National Park Plitvice Jezera PPT presentation: Research and monitoring results|
|18||Nacionalni Park Plitvička jezera (2013). <http://www.np-plitvicka-jezera.hr> Accessed 15 June 2013.|
|19||Radović, D., Kralj, J., Tutiš, V. Ćiković, D. (2003). Crvena knjiga ugroženih ptica Hrvatske. Ministarstvo zaštite okoliša i prostornog uređenja. Zagreb|
|20||Slobodnalika (2013). 64 godine NP Plitvičkih jezera. <http://slobodnalika.com/novosti/15385_64+godine+NP+Plitvick…; Accessed 15 June 2013.|
|21||Srdoč D., Horvatinčić N., Obelić B., Krajcar Bronić I., Sliepčević A. (1985) Calcite deposition processes in karstwaters with special emphasis on the Plitvice Lakes (in Croatian). Krš Jugoslavije [Carsus Iugoslaviae] 11 (2 6): 101-204.|
|22||Sremac, J., Božičević, S. & Marković, I. (2012). Plitvice Lakes National Park (Central Croatia) – More than 50 years of continuous monitoring of natural and human influence. European Geologist 34, 12-16|
|23||UNEP-WCMC (1988). Plitvice Lakes National Park Datasheet. Updated 5/1990, 7/1997, 11/ 2000, 11/2002, 4-2005, May 2011.|
|24||UNESCO (2006). Periodic report. Croatia. Plitvice Lakes National Park.|
|25||UNESCO World Heritage Centre (1996). Plitvice Lakes World Heritage Site in Danger. Republic of Croatia. Multinational Rapid Assessment Mission.|
|26||UNESCO World Heritage Committee (1997). Report of the 21st Session of the World Heritage Committee, Paris: UNESCO.|
|27||UNESCO World Heritage Committee (2000). Report of the 24th Session of the World Heritage Committee, Paris: UNESCO.|
|28||WHC/IUCN Report of the joint Reactive Monitoring mission to Plitvice Lakes National Park (Croatia), 17-19 January 2017|
|29||Zakon o zaštiti prirode. (NN030/1994)|
|30||Zakon o zaštiti prirode. (NN70/2005)|
|31||Šimac, Z. And Vitale, K. (2012). Procjena ranjivosti od klimatskih promjena: Hrvatska. Zaprešić: UVEZ d.o.o.|
Živić, D. (2009). Demografski ubici Ličko-senjske županije u Domovinskom ratu. U: Holjevac, Ž. (urednik) Identitet Like: Korijeni i razvotak, I-II
<http://www.pilar.hr/index.php?option=com_content&view=artic…; Accessed 10 June 2013.