Banc d'Arguin National Park
Fringing the Atlantic coast, the park comprises sand-dunes, coastal swamps, small islands and shallow coastal waters. The contrast between the harsh desert environment and the biodiversity of the marine zone has resulted in a land- and seascape of outstanding natural significance. A wide variety of migrating birds spend the winter there. Several species of sea turtle and dolphin, used by the fishermen to attract shoals of fish, can also be found.
2017 Conservation Outlook
Current state and trend of VALUES
Overall PROTECTION and MANAGEMENT
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Description of values
Migratory and breeding waterbirds
Marine mammals and turtles
Significant water pollution with high concentrations of cadmium in the marine waters, as well as an unacceptable amount of plastic and other waste have been also confirmed more recently (ARC-WH & IUCN, 2016).
While the Mauritanian Institute of Oceanographic Research and Fisheries (IMROP) considers the current fishing effort in the park is sustainable, changing fishing practices and increasing catches of sharks and rays are a real concern (UNESCO / IUCN Mission Report, 2014).
The recent State of Conservation report presented by the Mauritanian Government has demonstrated a set of measurements that ensure accepted level of sustainable fishing; however, the results are not obvious or available up to the time of the current assessment (Repub. Isl. Mauritania, 2015).
The mission held at 2014 provided updated information on the status of the infrastructure within the area along with the planned and the existing roads (UNESCO/IUCN, 2014). The mission concluded that while the Nouakchhott-Nouadhibou road diverted regular traffic outside the boundaries of the property, it also had negative impacts by opening up the region to other potential developments which could have negative impacts on the World Heritage property (UNESCO/IUCN, 2014).
A mining project is currently being developed near the Park that might harm the aquatic and terrestrial environments (ARC-WH & IUCN, 2016).
The 2014 UNESCO / IUCN mission to the site noted a feeling of distrust between local people and park administration, and not a single consultation meeting, which is essential to participatory management, had taken place in 2013. Tabe’a Report II (2015) has indicated to the positive level of the relationships among the partners (including the locals), and a stakeholders meeting was held in March 2016 which gathered different stakeholders and locals and provided a good forum to discuss the issues and the difficulties facing each of the stakeholders.
PNBA administration set up as semi-independent entity under Ministry of Environment. 95 staff including 42 on-site in 2010 (Sidi Sheikh & Al Dhafer, 2010). Guarded entry points and patrolling guards in place. Strengthening of marine surveillance capacity and fleet and establishment of camel patrol until 2009 (IUCN, 2009). Capacity of field presence of PNBA is not sufficient to achieve full enforcement on the ground, and field enforcement is still challenged by logistic constraints (lack of food, water, communications) 2010 (Sidi Sheikh & Al Dhafer, 2010). The headquarters of the park administration are due to move to the new city of Chami, which should facilitate an increase in field presence (UNESCO / IUCN Mission Report, 2014). According to the recent SOC report by the Mauritanian Government, a set of legal measurements and revisions were made to reinforce the legal framework, including, expansion of the National Committee, revision of the local management structure and expansion of the list of local stakeholders, signing of two important agreements (AEWA and MoU with the Wadden Sea ) (Repub. Isl. Mauritania, 2015).
Due to the changes in financial policies, it seems that PNBA has no clear long-term plans to ensure financial sustainability (ARC-WC & IUCN, 2015).
There are concerns about the sustainability of fisheries outside the property and of terrestrial resource use and a strategy to address these was under preparation in 2009 (IUCN, 2009). A study on pastoralism was also ongoing in 2011 (Conf. pers. comm., 2011).
Limited management relevance of research by observatory noted in 2010 (Sidi Sheikh & Al Dhafer, 2010).
Additionally, the Environmnetal Educational Center in Chami will play a key role in shading more light on the values of PNBA and raising long-term awareness.
|№||Organization/ individuals||Project duration||Brief description of Active Projects|
|1||Fondation Internationale du Banc d’Arguin||Wide range of research and conservation projects focused on PNBA.|
|2||GIZ||Management of Natural Resources 2011-2013 (national level, including fisheries sector)|
|3||WWF WAMER||Inclusion of Mauritania and PNBA in a number of regional projects on fisheries and related issues|
|№||Site need title||Brief description of potential site needs||Support needed for following years|
|1||.||Community development projects to anchor local populations to the park and avoid replacement through inmigration. Based on the observations of the site visit of PNBA at 2016, the following recommendations were listed: Paying more scientific attention to the terrestrial areas of Banc d'Arguin National park; Planning for re-introducing the extinct Gazelle species in (and around) Richat and valley-bed through well-designed project; and Studying and developing the ecotourism in Tagarit ecocamp. (Source: Salim and Abdulhalim, 2016).|
|1||African Natural Heritage. Banc d'Arguin – Mauritania - African Natural Heritage. Maps and Satellite Images of Banc d’Arguin National Park (World Heritage Site). (http://www.africannaturalheritage.org/banc-darguin-mauritan…).|
|2||BirdLife International (2013). ‘Datazone-IBA search: Mauritania. Banc d’Arguin National Park. [Electronic reference] <http://www.birdlife.org/datazone/sitefactsheet.php?id=6629&…;. Accessed 3 June 2013.|
|3||Common Wadden Sea Secretariat (2014). ‘Visit from World Heritage Site Banc d’Arguin, Mauritania’. <www.waddensea-secretariat.org/MoU_Mauritania.|
|4||Dahdouh-Guebas, F. and Koedam, N. (2001). ‘Are the northernmost mangroves of West Africa viable? a case study in Banc d'Arguin National Park, Mauritania’. Hydrobiologia 458: 241-253.|
|5||GIZ (2009). ‘Evaluation de la stratégie et de la performance du Parc National du Banc d’Arguin - Mission d’appui à la préparation du PAG 2010-2014’. Nouakchott: GTZ Mauritania. 79 pp. (In French)|
|6||Gascuel, D., Labrosse, P., Meissa, B., Sidl, M. O. T. and Guenette, S. (2007). ‘Decline of demersal resources in North-West Africa: an analysis of Mauritanian trawl-survey data over the past 25 years’. African Journal of Marine Science 29: 331-345.|
|7||IUCN (2004). ‘State of Conservation Report: Banc d’Arguin National Park (N 506)’. [Electronic reference] <http://whc.unesco.org/en/soc/1399>. Accessed 5 June 2013.|
|8||IUCN (2005). ‘State of Conservation Report: Banc d’Arguin National Park (N 506)’. [Electronic reference] <http://whc.unesco.org/en/soc/1265>. Accessed 5 June 2013.|
|9||IUCN (2006). ‘State of Conservation Report: Banc d’Arguin National Park (N 506)’. [Electronic reference] <http://whc.unesco.org/en/soc/1137>. Accessed 5 June 2013.|
|10||IUCN (2007). ‘State of Conservation Report: Banc d’Arguin National Park (N 506)’. [Electronic reference] <http://whc.unesco.org/en/soc/974>. Accessed 5 June 2013.|
|11||IUCN (2008). ‘State of Conservation Report: Banc d’Arguin National Park (N 506)’. [Electronic reference] <http://whc.unesco.org/en/soc/891>. Accessed 5 June 2013.|
|12||IUCN (2009). ‘State of Conservation Report: Banc d’Arguin National Park (N 506)’. [Electronic reference] <http://whc.unesco.org/en/soc/634>. Accessed 5 June 2013.|
|13||IUCN (2012). ‘In trouble and in need: West Africa’s World Heritage’. (24 June 2012). <www.iucn.org/news_homepage/news_by_date/?10212/In-trouble-a…;. Accessed 26 May 2015.|
|14||IUCN (2012). ‘The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species’. [Electronic reference] <http://www.iucnredlist.org/>. Accessed 10 May 2013.|
|15||IUCN (2013). ‘State of Conservation Report: Banc d’Arguin National Park (Mauritania) (N506)’. (17 May 2013). <whc.unesco.org/archive/2013/whc13-37com-7B-Add-en.pdf>. Accessed 26 May 2015.|
|16||IUCN (2013). ‘State of Conservation Report: Banc d’Arguin National Park (N 506)’. [Electronic reference] <http://whc.unesco.org/en/soc/1924>. Accessed 5 June 2013.|
|17||IUCN (2014). ‘Conservation Outlook: Banc d’Arguin National Park’. (25 May 2014). <www.worldheritageoutlook.iucn.org/search-sites?p_p_auth=Qov… IUCNPublicSites>. Accessed 26 May 2015.|
|18||IUCN (2014). ‘State of Conservation Report: Banc d’Arguin National Park (Mauritania) (N 506)’. (16 May 2014). <whc.unesco.org/archive/2014/whc14-38com-7B-Add-en.pdf>. Accessed 26 May 2015.|
|19||Knapp, S., Heij, C., Henderson, R. and Kleverlaan, E. (2013). ‘Ship incident risk in the areas of Tubbataha and Banc d’Arguin: A case for designation as Particular Sensitive Sea Area’. EI Report 2013-16. Rotterdam, The Netherlands: Econometric Institute, Erasmus University Rotterdam. <repub.eur.nl/pub/40341/EI2013-16.pdf>. Accessed 26 May 2015.|
|20||Osipova, E., Shi, Y., Kormos, C., Shadie, P., Zwahlen. C., Badman, T. (2014). IUCN World Heritage Outlook 2014: A conservation assessment of all natural World Heritage sites. Gland, Switzerland: IUCN. 64pp.|
|21||Parc National du Banc d’Arguin (2009a). ‘Etat de Conservation’. Nouakchott: Ministere Delegue Aupres Du Premier Ministre Charge De L’Environnement Et Developpement Durable. (In French)|
|22||Parc National du Banc d’Arguin (2009b). ‘Plan d’Aménagement et de Gestion 2010-2014’. Nouakchott: Ministere Delegue Aupres Du Premier Ministre Charge De L’Environnement Et Developpement Durable. 115 pp. (In French)|
|23||RÉPUBLIQUE ISLAMIQUE DE MAURITANIE. (2015) Rapport de l’Etat de Conservation du Parc National du Banc d’Arguin (PNBA) et la mise en œuvre des recommandations du Comité du Patrimoine de L’UNESCO. Novembre 2015.|
|24||Salim, M.A., and Abdulhaleem, H.S. (2016) Technical Report on a mission to Mauritania 25th of March - 2nd of April, 2016. The Arab Regional Center for World Heritage and International Union for Conservation of Nature. Internal technical report.|
|25||Seret. B, Naylor, G.J., (2016) Rhynchorhina mauritaniensis, a new genus and species of wedgefish from the eastern central Atlantic (Elasmobranchii: Batoidea: Rhinidae). Zootaxa. 2016 Jul 15; 4138(2):291-308. doi: 10.11646/zootaxa.4138.2.4.|
|26||Sidi Cheikh, M. A. and Al Dhafer, A. A. M. (2010). ‘Assessment of a modernization reform in a public administration in Mauritania: The National Park of Banc d’Arguin’. Dubai: Dubai School of Government . [Electronic reference] <http://www.lafiba.org/index.php/fr/documentation/boite_a_ou…;. Accessed 5 June 2013.|
|27||Strahm, W., Debonnet, G. and Abdulhalim, H. (2014). ‘Mission de suivi réactif Parc national du Banc d’Arguin (Mauritanie)’. Rapport de mission, mars 2014. (in French).|
|28||UNEP-WCMC (2012). ‘Banc d’Arguin national Park, Mauritania’. UNEP-WCMC World Heritage Information Sheets. [Electronic reference] <http://www.unep-wcmc.org/world-heritage-information-sheets_…;. Accessed 7 June 2013.|
|29||UNEP. ‘Action Plan for the Management of the Mediterranean Monk Seal (Monachus monachus)’. Tunis, Tunisia:Regional Activity Centre for Specially Protected Areas. www.rac-spa.orgsitesdefaultfilesactionplansmonkap.pdf. Accessed 26 May 2015.|
|30||WWF (2013). ‘List of Priority Global 200 Ecoregions: Canary Current’. [Electronic reference] <http://wwf.panda.org/about_our_earth/ecoregions/canary_curr…;. Accessed 3 June 2013.|
|31||Wetlands International (2013). ‘Ramsar Sites Information Service’. [Electronic reference] <http://www.wetlands.org/rsis/>. Accessed 7 May 2013.|
|32||whc.unesco.org/en/events/1052/. ‘Two Marine World Heritage sites set the stage for a new twinning arrangement’. Working meeting to discuss twinning arrangement between Wadden Sea and Banc d’Arguin. Accessed 26 May 2015.|
|33||whc.unesco.org/en/news/1103. Banc d’Arguin National Park and Wadden Sea sign historic Twinning Arrangement. Accessed 22 May 2014.|
|34||whc.unesco.org/en/soc/3460. Banc d'Arguin National Park (Mauritania) (N 506). Decision: 40 COM 7B.85. (http://whc.unesco.org/en/soc/3460).|