Lakes of Ounianga
The site includes eighteen interconnected lakes in the hyper arid Ennedi region of the Sahara desert covering an area of 62,808 ha. It constitutes an exceptional natural landscape of great beauty with striking colours and shapes. The saline, hyper saline and freshwater lakes are supplied by groundwater and are found in two groups 40 km apart. Ounianga Kebir comprises four lakes, the largest of which, Yoan, covers an area of 358 ha and is 27 m deep. Its highly saline waters only sustain algae and some microorganisms. The second group, Ounianga Serir, comprises fourteen lakes separated by sand dunes. Floating reeds cover almost half the surface of these lakes reducing evaporation. At 436 ha, Lake Teli has the largest surface area but is less than 10 m deep. With their high quality freshwater, some of these lakes are home to aquatic fauna, particularly fish.
2017 Conservation Outlook
Current state and trend of VALUES
Overall PROTECTION and MANAGEMENT
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Description of values
An exceptional example of permanent lakes in a desert setting
Exceptional natural landscape of great beauty
Recent information shows that an annual budget of the same has been allocated by the Government (State Party of Chad, 2015). However, concerns remain that this amount is insufficient (IUCN Consultation, 2017).
|№||Organization/ individuals||Project duration||Brief description of Active Projects|
|1||Association pour le développement socioculturel d’Ounianga (ADSCO)||data deficient|
|2||Association pour le développement du Borkou, Ennedi et Tibesti||data deficient|
|3||Association pour la protection de l’environnement et la lutte contre la désertification||data deficient|
|4||Association des femmes pour le développement et la protection de l’environnement d’Ounianga||data deficient|
|1||IUCN, 2012. Advisory Body Evaluation.|
|2||Kröpelin, 2013. Report from a research visit to the site.|
|3||Nomination File, 2012.|
|4||Stat Party report 2016|
|5||State Party report 2015|
|6||UNESCO (2015). State of Conservation report|
|7||World Heritage Committee (2015). Decision 39COM 7B.3. Lakes of Ounianga (Chad). Bonn, Germany.-|
|8||World Heritage Committee Decision 36COM 8B.7.|