Sanganeb Marine National Park and Dungonab Bay – Mukkawar Island Marine National Park
The property consists of two separate areas: Sanganeb is an isolated, coral reef structure in the central Red Sea and the only atoll, 25 km off the shoreline of Sudan. The second component of the property is made up of Dungonab Bay and Mukkawar Island, situated 125 km north of Port Sudan. It includes a highly diverse system of coral reefs, mangroves, seagrass beds, beaches and islets. The site provides a habitat for populations of seabirds, marine mammals, fish, sharks, turtles and manta rays. Dungonab Bay also has a globally significant population of dugongs. © UNESCO
2017 Conservation Outlook
Current state and trend of VALUES
Overall PROTECTION and MANAGEMENT
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Description of values
An outstanding example of the northernmost tropical coral reef systems on earth
Exceptional level of Biodiversity
The whale and manta ray seasonal aggregations in DMNP are unique to the entire Western Indian Ocean Region. DMNP is also unique as a home to species from different biogeographic origins: both northern and southern Red Sea species are found here. SMNP lies in a regional hotspot for reef fish endemism (IUCN, 2014).The property generally supports a higher than average subset of endemics than found in the Red Sea, including the richest diversity of coral west of India and a number of coral species which are at the limits of their global range (World Heritage Committee, 2016).
Impressive natural phenomena, formations and areas of great natural beauty
|1||IUCN (2014). Evaluation Report for Sanganeb Marine National Park and Dungonab Bay / Mukkawar Island Marine National Park (Sudan - Red Sea). IUCN Gland, Switzerland.|
|2||PERSGA (2002). The Red Sea and Gulf of Aden Regional Network of Marine Protected Areas Regional Master Plan. PERSGA Technical Report Series No. 1. Jeddah.|
|3||PERSGA (2004). Dungonab Bay–Makkawar Island Proposed Marine Protected Area Site-Specific Master Plan with Management Guidelines. PERSGA Jeddah.|
|4||State Party of Sudan (2013). Nomination of Sanganeb Marine National Park and Dungonab Bay/Mukkawar Island Marine National Park (Sudan - Red Sea).|
|5||World Heritage Committee (2016). Decision: 40 COM 8B.6 Sanganeb Marine National Park and Dungonab Bay / Mukkawar Island Marine National Park Provisional Statement of Outstanding Universal Value (Sudan). Istanbul, Turkey. <http://whc.unesco.org/en/decisions/6785> Accessed 1st April 2017.|