Ennedi Massif: Natural and Cultural Landscape
In the northeast of the country, the sandstone Ennedi Massif has been sculpted over time by water and wind erosion into a plateau featuring canyons and valleys that present a spectacular landscape marked by cliffs, natural arches and pitons. In the largest canyons, the permanent presence of water plays an essential role in the Massif’s ecosystem, sustaining flora and fauna as well as human life. Thousands of images have been painted and carved into the rock surface of caves, canyons and shelters, presenting one of the largest ensembles of rock art in the Sahara. © UNESCO
2017 Conservation Outlook
Current state and trend of VALUES
Overall PROTECTION and MANAGEMENT
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Description of values
Desert landscape of outstanding aesthetic value
Conditions enabling survival of relict species far from their current distribution
ago. These relict species are far removed from their current distribution ranges in the subtropical and tropical zone. An estimated population of 10 crocodiles is also present in the Guelta d’Archei, where water is present all year round. This relict species found itself isolated a few thousand years ago with the draining of the hydrographic network linking the Ennedi to the
neighbouring regions. The massif shelters Saharan, Sahelian, subtropical and relict species and constitutes an island of exceptional biodiversity in a
desert (World Heritage Committee, 2017).
|1||IUCN (2016). World Heritage Nomination – IUCN Technical Evaluation, Ennedi Massif: Natural and Cultural Landscape (Chad). In: IUCN World Heritage Evaluations 2016, IUCN Evaluations of nominations of natural and mixed properties to the World Heritage List. WHC/16/40.COM/INF.8B2. Gland, Switzerland: IUCN. <http://whc.unesco.org/archive/2016/whc16-40com-inf8B2-en.pd…; Accessed 27 October 2017.|
|2||State Party of Chad (2015). Proposition d'inscription du Massif de l'Ennedi, Tchad. Site soumis à l'inscription sur la Liste du patrimoine mondial de l'UNESCO.|
|3||World Heritage Committee (2016). Decision 40COM 8B.15. Ennedi Massif: Natural and Cultural Landscape. <http://whc.unesco.org/en/decisions/6793> Accessed 27 October 2016.|
|4||World Heritage Committee (2017). Decision: 41 COM 8B.32 Ennedi Massif: Natural and Cultural Landscape, Statement of Outstanding Universal Value (Chad). <http://whc.unesco.org/archive/2017/whc17-41com-8B-Add2-REV-…; Accessed 26 October 2017.|