Pitons Management Area
The 2,909-ha site near the town of Soufriere includes the Pitons, two volcanic spires rising side by side from the sea (770 m and 743 m high respectively), linked by the Piton Mitan ridge. The volcanic complex includes a geothermal field with sulphurous fumeroles and hot springs. Coral reefs cover almost 60% of the site’s marine area. A survey has revealed 168 species of finfish, 60 species of cnidaria, including corals, eight molluscs, 14 sponges, 11 echinoderms, 15 arthropods and eight annelid worms. The dominant terrestrial vegetation is tropical moist forest grading to subtropical wet forest, with small areas of dry forest and wet elfin woodland on the summits. At least 148 plant species have been recorded on Gros Piton, 97 on Petit Piton and the intervening ridge, among them eight rare tree species. The Gros Piton is home to some 27 bird species (five of them endemic), three indigenous rodents, one opossum, three bats, eight reptiles and three amphibians. © UNESCO
2017 Conservation Outlook
Current state and trend of VALUES
Overall PROTECTION and MANAGEMENT
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Description of values
Superlative natural beauty
explosion craters, pyroclastic deposits (pumice and ash), and lava flows. Collectively, these fully illustrate the volcanic history of an andesitic composite volcano associated with crustal plate subduction. (28COM.14B.11.PitonsMA.Inscription)
reptiles and 3 amphibians. The endemic St Lucia anole Anolis luceae, St Lucia pygmy gecko Sphaerodactylus microlepis, St Lucia boa Constrictororophias, and St Lucia viper (or fer-de-lance) Bothrops caribbaeus occur (IUCN Evaluation, 2004; IBA Information Sheet).
regionally important population of Royal Tern Sterna maxima breeds here. (IBA Information Sheet).
Data is deficient with respect to research in the terrestrial component of the property.
|1||Forestry Department Union (2012). Survey of Invasive Alien Plant Species on Gros Piton, Saint Lucia, 2012 carried out under the project Mitigating the Threats of Invasive Alien Species in the Insular Caribbean. Project No. GFL / 2328 – 2713-4A86, GF-1030-09-03.|
|2||IUCN Evaluation, 2004|
|3||State Party of Saint Lucia (2015). Report of the State Party to the World Heritage Committee on the state of conservation of Pitons Management Area (Saint Lucia). < http://whc.unesco.org/document/139804> Accessed 25 October 2017|
|4||WHC Decision 38 COM 7B.85 (2014). World Heritage Committee Decision. <http://whc.unesco.org/en/soc/2889> Accessed on 25 October 2017|
|5||WHC Decision 40 COM 7B.77 (2016). World Heritage Committee Decision <http://whc.unesco.org/en/soc/3452> Accessed 25 October 2017|
|6||WHC Inscription 28COM.14B.11 (2007). <http://whc.unesco.org/en/soc/1000> Accessed on 25 October 2017|