Shiretoko Peninsula is located in the north-east of Hokkaido, the northernmost island of Japan. The site includes the land from the central part of the peninsula to its tip (Shiretoko Cape) and the surrounding marine area. It provides an outstanding example of the interaction of marine and terrestrial ecosystems as well as extraordinary ecosystem productivity, largely influenced by the formation of seasonal sea ice at the lowest latitude in the northern hemisphere. It has particular importance for a number of marine and terrestrial species, some of them endangered and endemic, such as Blackiston’s fish owl and the Viola kitamiana plant. The site is globally important for threatened seabirds and migratory birds, a number of salmonid species, and for marine mammals including Steller’s sea lion and some cetacean species.
2017 Conservation Outlook
Current state and trend of VALUES
Overall PROTECTION and MANAGEMENT
Click the + and - signs to expand or collapse full accounts of information under each topic. You can also view the entire list of information by clicking Expand all on the top left.
Description of values
Outstanding example of the interaction of marine and terrestrial ecosystems
Extraordinary ecosystem productivity
Important habitat for both marine and terrestrial species, a number of which are threatened or endangered
Okhotsk" (Rao et al. 2008). The State Party reports a stabilization of the species while acknowledging that populations have not returned to pre-1989 levels (World Heritage Centre et al., 2012).
Climate change impacts on sea ice dynamics need to be better integrated into broader natural resource monitoring programmes (World Heritage Centre et al., 2012).
natural resources, epitomized by the culling of marine mammals to protect fisheries and gear. It is clear that there are differing interests and perceptions between stakeholders which inevitably reflect on relationships. Similarly, the differing views on the river modification indicate some tensions. At the same time there are no hints at major conflicts. It deserves to be noted that the property name is of indigenous origin, meaning the "the end of mother earth" in the language of the Ainu people (IUCN, 2005). IUCN (2005) called for the involvement of the contemporary Ainu in the management of the property.
Shiretoko Foundation plays an important role in Shiretoko, supported by the municipality.
Shiretoko Forest was used in the cover page of the special feature issue on “forest biodiversity and ecosystem services” in Journal of Applied Ecology 54(1) (2017, British Ecological Society).
|№||Organization/ individuals||Project duration||Brief description of Active Projects|
|1||Working Groups and Panels established under the Scientific Committee||The State Party has established a Scientific Committee for the property, which forms working groups and panels to respond to information gaps and management challenges and conduct corresponding projects. Ongoing activities include, but are not limited to, the River Construction Advisory Panel or Committee, the Marine Area Working Group (WG), the Sika Deer and Brown Bear WG (formerly the Terrestrial Ecosystem WG and the Bear WG merged in 2017) and the Proper Use of Nature and Ecotourism WG. All are directly relevant to understand, monitor and manage the Outstanding Universal Value of the property.|
|2||Shiretoko World Natural Heritage Site Proper Usage / Eotourism Investigative Commission||
||In 2013, the above commission prepared the Shiretoko Ecotourism Strategy. According to the Ministry of the Environment of Japan it aims at "sharing future objectives for promoting tourism to Shiretoko and methods for achieving this among all of the stakeholders" (Ministry of the Environment of Japan, 2017).|
|№||Site need title||Brief description of potential site needs||Support needed for following years|
|1||Promotion of transboundary conservation and management||As noted in the IUCN evaluation (2005), there are important similarities between the terrestrial parts of the property and the nearby Kuril Islands belonging to the Russian Federation. In the case of the marine parts, the linkages are even more obvious as the entire marine life is a shared conservation value and resource. It is clear that the conservation and management of Shiretoko and adjacent lands and waters would benefit from improved communication, coordination and cooperation, perhaps eventually as a "World Heritage Peace Park" as IUCN (2005) put it in is evaluation.|
|1||http://abchan.fra.go.jp/digests28/details/2810.pdf and Report in previous years (in Japanese) Fisheries Research Agency, Japan “Assessment on Numuro Stock of Walleye Pollock”|
|4||BirdLife International (2017) Important Bird Areas factsheet: Shiretoko, Mount Syari-dake. <http://datazone.birdlife.org/site/factsheet/shiretoko-mount…;. Accessed 23 May 2017.|
|5||IUCN Salmonid Specialist Group. 2013. Letter to IUCN World Heritage Programme, Spring 2013 Trip Report.|
|6||IUCN. 2005. World Heritage Nomination – IUCN Technical Evaluation, Shiretoko (Japan). In: IUCN World Heritage Evaluations 2005, IUCN Evaluations of nominations of natural and mixed properties to the World Heritage List. WHC-05/29.COM/INF.8B.2. Gland, Switzerland: IUCN. <http://whc.unesco.org/archive/2005/whc05-29com-inf08B2e.pdf…;. Accessed 15 April 2017.|
|7||Ministry of the Environment of Japan. 2017. Protection and Management. Examples of Efforts. <https://www.env.go.jp/nature/isan/worldheritage/en/shiretok…;. Accessed 4 June 2017.|
|8||Ministry of the Environment of Japan. n.d. Shiretoko. <https://www.env.go.jp/nature/isan/worldheritage/en/shiretok…;. Accessed 4 June 2017.|
|9||Rao, K., Sheppard, D. 2008. Reactive Monitoring Mission Report Shiretoko (Japan). Gland, Switzerland and Paris, France: IUCN and UNESCO World Heritage Centre. <http://whc.unesco.org/en/list/1193/documents/>. Accessed 27 March 2016.|
|10||Shiretoko Nature Foundation. N.d. <http://www.shiretoko.or.jp/en/>. Accessed 23 May 2017.|
|11||State Party of Japan. 2008. Report of the State Party to the World Heritage Committee on the state of conservation of Shiretoko (Japan). <http://whc.unesco.org/en/list/1193/documents/>. Accessed 23 March 2017.|
|12||State Party of Japan. 2012. Periodic Report Second Cycle Section II: Shiretoko. Paris, France: UNESCO World Heritage Centre.|
|13||State Party of Japan. 2012. Report of the State Party to the World Heritage Committee on the state of conservation of Shiretoko (Japan). <http://whc.unesco.org/en/list/1193/documents/>. Accessed 23 March 2017.|
|14||State Party of Japan. 2015. Report of the State Party to the World Heritage Committee on the state of conservation of Shiretoko (Japan). <http://whc.unesco.org/en/list/1193/documents/>. Accessed 23 March 2017.|
|15||State Party of Japan. 2016. Report of the State Party to the World Heritage Committee on the state of conservation of Shiretoko (Japan). <http://whc.unesco.org/en/list/1193/documents/>. Accessed 15 April 2017.|
|16||UNEP-WCMC. 2011. Shiretoko, Japan. UNEP-WCMC World Heritage Information Sheets. Cambridge, UK: UNEP-WCMC.|
|17||UNESCO, IUCN. 2008. Report on the State of Conservation of Shiretoko (Japan). State of Conservation Information System of the World Heritage Centre. <http://whc.unesco.org/en/soc/816>. Accessed 23 May 2017.|
|18||UNESCO, IUCN. 2012. Report on the State of Conservation of Shiretoko (Japan). State of Conservation Information System of the World Heritage Centre. <http://whc.unesco.org/en/soc/142>. Accessed 23 May 2017.|
|19||UNESCO, IUCN. 2015. Report on the State of Conservation of Shiretoko (Japan). State of Conservation Information System of the World Heritage Centre. <http://whc.unesco.org/en/soc/3239>. Accessed 23 February 2017.|
|20||UNESCO, IUCN. 2017. Report on the State of Conservation of Shiretoko (Japan). State of Conservation Information System of the World Heritage Centre. <http://whc.unesco.org/en/soc/3568>. Accessed 23 May 2017.|
|21||World Heritage Committee. 2005. Decision 29 COM 8B.6 Shiretoko (Japan). Durban, South Africa. <http://whc.unesco.org/en/decisions/468/>. Accessed 15 March 2017.|
|22||World Heritage Committee. 2013. Decision 37 COM 8E Shiretoko Statement of Outstanding Universal Value (Japan). Phnom Penh, Cambodia. <http://whc.unesco.org/en/decisions/4964/>. Accessed 15 April 2017.|
|23||World Heritage Committee. 2017. Decision 41 COM 7.B.30. Shiretoko (Japan). Krakow, Poland. <http://whc.unesco.org/en/sessions/41com/documents/>. Accessed 4 August 2017.|