Jeju Volcanic Island and Lava Tubes
Jeju Volcanic Island and Lava Tubes together comprise three sites that make up 18,846 ha. It includes Geomunoreum, regarded as the finest lava tube system of caves anywhere, with its multicoloured carbonate roofs and floors, and dark-coloured lava walls; the fortress-like Seongsan Ilchulbong tuff cone, rising out of the ocean, a dramatic landscape; and Mount Halla, the highest in Korea, with its waterfalls, multi-shaped rock formations, and lake-filled crater. The site, of outstanding aesthetic beauty, also bears testimony to the history of the planet, its features and processes.
2017 Conservation Outlook
Current state and trend of VALUES
Overall PROTECTION and MANAGEMENT
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Description of values
An outstanding shield volcano with an extensive lava tube system
One of few shield volcanoes in the world on a stationary continental crust plate, with the world’s best developed system of lava tubes
The Stare Party has negotiated a twinning arrangement with the Tongariro NP World Heritage property in New Zealand and the Hawaii Volcanoes National Park in the USA (Jeju WH Management Bureau and Hawaii Volcanoes National Park, 2008).
Jeju Island is currently the only site in the world where all four international, area-based conservation designations overlap in the same location. One of the biggest benefits of Jeju Island being a multi-internationally designated area with four overlapping international designations is the level of the local communities’ awareness of conservation and sustainability. (Schaaf and Clamote Rodrigues, 2016). This has translated into high levels of active volunteer engagement in conservation, a heightened awareness of any environmentally threatening developments and better tourism co-branding of the property.
|№||Organization/ individuals||Project duration||Brief description of Active Projects|
|1||SP, Jeju Province and property management authorities.||Construction of World Natural Heritage Centre in the property, nearing completion.|
|2||Property management authorities.||On-going research and monitoring programs and projects, including scientific publications.|
|3||Hallasan Preservation Centre, Hallasan Research Institute.||Five-year program for exotic species research and control/elimination.|
|№||Site need title||Brief description of potential site needs||Support needed for following years|
|1||Study on geohydrology and groundwater links||Study to better understand the geohydrology of the property and groundwater dynamics required to sustain its values|
|1||Brush, J. (2010). Geomunoreum Lava Tube System, Jeju Island. Proceedings 14th International Symposium on Vulcanospeleology, 2010.|
|2||Choi, H. & Lee, J. (2012). Changes of groundwater conditions on Jeju volcanic island, Korea: implications for sustainable agriculture. African Journal of Agricultural Research Vol. 7(4), pp. 647-661|
|3||Cultural Heritage Administration of Korea 2006. Jeju World Natural Heritage Management Plan. Nomination Dossier, Appendix 8.|
|4||Hockings, M. and Shadie, P. (2016). Korea’s Protected Areas - review of management effectiveness within South Korea’s protected areas. Unpublished contribution.|
|5||IUCN (2007). Technical evaluation Report. of Jeju Volcanic Island and Lava Tubes nomination (Republic of Korea), No. 1264. IUCN Gland, Switzerland|
|6||Jeju World Heritage Management Bureau and Hawaii Volcanoes National Park (2008). Sister Park Arrangement.|
|7||KNPS/MoE (2009). Korea’s Protected Areas Evaluating the effectiveness of South Korea’s protected areas system. Korea National Park Service/Ministry of Environment, Republic of Korea.|
|8||Korea State Party of the Republic of Korea. (for World Heritage 2010). World Heritage Periodic Reporting Form.|
|9||Lee, S., Ko, Y., Ki, J. and Jeon, Y. (2014). Establishment of an Integrated Management System for the UNESCO Protected Areas in Jeju Island. Presentation from Huangshan Dialogue on UNESCO Designated Places and Sustainable Development Huangshan, 26-31 May 2014.|
|10||Park, C., Seo, J., Lee, J., Ha, K. and Koo, M. (2013). A distributed water balance approach to groundwater recharge estimation for Jeju Volcanic Island, Korea. Geosciences Journal DOI 10.1007/s12303-013-0063-6. The Association of Korean Geoscience Societies and Springer 2013.|
|11||Schaaf, T. and Clamote Rodrigues, D. (2016). Managing MIDAs: Harmonizing the management of Multi- Internationally Designated Areas: Ramsar Sites, World Heritage sites, Biosphere Reserves and UNESCO Global Geoparks. Gland, Switzerland: IUCN. xvi + 140 pp.|
|12||The National Interest - Euan Graham (2016). A Glimpse into South Korea’s New Naval Base on Jeju Island. http://nationalinterest.org/blog/the-buzz/glimpse-south-kor…. Accessed 01 June 2017.|
|13||Wikipedia (2017). Jeju Naval Base controversy. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Jeju_Naval_Base_controversy#c…. Accessed 01 June 2017.|