Swiss Tectonic Arena Sardona
TheSwiss Tectonic Arena Sardona in the north-eastern part of the country covers a mountainous area of 32,850 ha which features seven peaks that rise above 3,000 m. The area displays an exceptional example of mountain building through continental collision and features.excellent geological sections through tectonic thrust, i.e. the process whereby older, deeper rocks are carried onto younger, shallower rocks. The site is distinguished by the clear three-dimensional exposure of the structures and processes that characterize this phenomenon and has been a key site for the geological sciences since the 18thcentury. The Glarus Alps are glaciated mountains rising dramatically above narrow river valleys and are the site of the largest post-glacial landslide in the Central Alpine region.
2017 Conservation Outlook
Current state and trend of VALUES
Overall PROTECTION and MANAGEMENT
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Description of values
Exceptional example of mountain building tectonics
In 2012 two information centers were opened in the Canton of Glarus. In 2015 one information centre was opened in the Canton of Graubünden, in 2017 one in the canton of St. Gallen.
Others are to follow in 2018-2020 in the Cantons of St. Gallen and Graubünden.
Thee site is in close cooperation with researchers dealing with the Flims landslide, the largest landslide within the Alps.
2. The education, interpretation and visitor programmes of the site are a best practice example of making a site’s values accessible to the general public, though a varied and well-documented range of activities, products and facilities
Collection of wild plants and mushrooms are regulated by cantonal laws. Strict cantonal regulations also exist for fishing and hunting of wild game.
|№||Organization/ individuals||Project duration||Brief description of Active Projects|
|1||Geopark Sardona||Training for GeoGuides, aimed at supporting education and interpretation activities at the site|
|2||Geopark Sardona||Establishment of a long-distance thematic hiking trail on the site|
|3||Geopark Sardona||Development of an integrated regional development concept based on nature based tourism|
|№||Site need title||Brief description of potential site needs||Support needed for following years|
|1||Relevant academic institution jointly with local farmers and pastoralists||Study on carrying capacity of pasture areas inside the site for cattle grazing and participatory elaboration of sustainable grazing management plan.|
|1||BirdLife International (2012b). ‘Datazone: Endemic Bird Area Search’. [Electronic reference] <http://www.birdlife.org/datazone/_ebaadvsearch.php>. Accessed 20 June 2012.|
|2||BirdLife International (2012b). ‘Datazone: Map of Important Bird Areas’. [Electronic reference] <http://www.birdlife.org/datazone/geomap.php?r=i&bbox=-150%2…;. Accessed 20 June 2012.|
|3||Cannone, N., Diolaiuti, G., Guglielmin, M. and Smiraglia, C. (2008). ‘Accelerating climate change impacts on alpine glacier forefield ecosystems in the European Alps’. Ecological Applications 18(3): 637-648.|
|4||Conservation International (2012). ‘The Biodiversity Hotspots’. [Electronic reference] <http://www.conservation.org/where/priority_areas/hotspots/P…; . Accessed 20 June 2012.|
|5||IUCN (2008). ‘World Heritage Nomination – IUCN Technical Evaluation: Swiss Tectonic Arena Sardona, Switzerland – ID No. 1179’. Gland: IUCN. [Electronic reference] <http://whc.unesco.org/archive/advisory_body_evaluation/1179…;. Accessed 20 June 2012.|
|6||Imper-Filli, D. (2010). ‘New lights on old sites’. Brochure for the UNESCO World Heritage site “Swiss Tectonic Arena” Sardona. Sargans: Secretariat of UNESCO World Heritage site “Swiss Tectonic Arena” Sardona. [Electronic reference] <http://www.unesco-sardona.ch/fileadmin/user_upload/customer…_def%2010MB.pdf>. Accessed 20 July 2012.|
|7||PlantLife International (2012). IPA online database. [Electronic reference] <http://www.plantlifeipa.org/Reports.asp?v=vRepCty&i=203>. Accessed 20 June 2012.|
|8||Protected Planet (2012). ‘Swiss Tectonic Arena Sardona World Heritage Site’. [Electronic reference] <http://protectedplanet.net/sites/Swiss_Tectonic_Arena_Sardo…;. Accessed 20 June 2012.|
|9||Secretariat of Interest Group UNESCO World Heritage Swiss Tectonic Arena Sardona (2012). ‘Annual Report 2011’. Sargans, Switzerland: Interest Group UNESCO World Heritage Swiss Tectonic Arena Sardona (2012). [Electronic reference] <http://www.unesco-sardona.ch/Publikationen.459.0.html>. Accessed 20 July 2012. (in German)|
|10||Swiss Federal Office for the Environment (2006). ‘Nomination of the Glarus overthrust as a UNESCO World Heritage site’. Bern: Federal Office for the Environment. [Electronic reference] <http://whc.unesco.org/en/list/1179/documents/>. Accessed 20 July 2012.|
|11||UNEP-WCMC (2011). Swiss Tectonic Arena Sardona, Switzerland. UNEP-WCMC World Heritage Information Sheets. [Electronic reference] <http://www.unep-wcmc.org/medialibrary/2011/06/24/ed3ab23b/S…;. Accessed 20 July 2012.|
|12||UNESCO World Heritage site “Swiss Tectonic Arena” Sardona (2012). Website. [Electronic reference] <http://www.unesco-sardona.ch/Das-Welterbe.das_welterbe.0.ht…;. Accessed 20 July 2012.|
|13||WWF (2012). ‘List of Priority Global 200 Ecoregions’. [Electronic reference] <http://wwf.panda.org/about_our_earth/ecoregions/ecoregion_l…;. Accessed 20 June 2012.|
|14||WWF and IUCN (1994). ‘Centres of Plant Diversity: a Guide and Strategy for their Conservation’. Gland, Switzerland and Cambridge, UK: World Wide Fund for Nature and IUCN. Volume 1: Europe, Africa, South West Asia and the Middle East.|
|15||World Heritage Commission (2010). ‘Decision 32 COM 8B.13’. [Electronic reference] <http://whc.unesco.org/archive/2008/whc08-32com-24reve.pdf>. Accessed 20 July 2012.|